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REYNAUD'S PHENOMENON-CAUSES

Rheumatology

REYNAUD'S PHENOMENON-CAUSES

Fingers go white -> blue -> red. Benign condition, but can lead to digital ulceration. Mnemonic - HARD Connection.
1. Haematological - polycythemia, leukaemia, cold agglutinin disease.
2. Arterial - embolism, Buerger's disease, smoking.
3. Reflex - Reynaud's disease (idiopathic), repetitive stress injury (RSI).
4. Drugs - beta-blockers.
5. CT diseases - SLE, systemic sclerosis, RA.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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