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SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS (SLE)-RENAL

Rheumatology

SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS (SLE)-RENAL

1. Glomerulonephritis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in SLE patients.

2. The presence of anti-dsDNA is associated with glomerulonephritis and the nephrotic syndrome.

3. Proteinuria (usually > 500 mg/day or nephrotic > 3.5 g) and microscopic hematuria & a high titer of anti-dsDNA.

4. The International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the Renal Pathology Society (RPS) have classified SLE renal disease into 6 classes (I-VI).

5. Treat class III and IV disease with cytotoxics and corticosteroids to prevent end-stage kidney disease, which develops within 2 years in untreated patients.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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