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SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS (SLE)-CNS

Rheumatology

SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS (SLE)-CNS

1. Cognitive/behavioral changes (most common), headaches, psychosis, mood changes (depression), aseptic meningitis, organic brain syndrome, seizures, chorea, and strokes occur with SLE.

2. Even severe abnormalities may clear rapidly with regression of disease.

3. MRI of the brain may show scattered areas of increased intensity, suggesting a vasculopathy.

4. Evaluate all neuropsychiatric lupus patients for infection with LP, particularly if immunosuppressed.

5. Anti-Smith, anti-neuronal, and anti-ribosomal P protein antibodies are associated with CNS disease.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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