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PULMONARY EMBOLISM-ABG

Respiratory

PULMONARY EMBOLISM-ABG

1. Only in the absence of cardiopulmonary disease and if the patient is not on oxygen and is not hyperventilating is there a satisfactory specificity for diagnosing a PE solely from an elevated  A-a gradient.

2. Hypoxemia, after a large PE, is due to many factors­ especially (1) V/Q mismatch, (2) R-to-L shunt, (3) dead space.

3. Secondary right ventricular failure can also contribute to the V/Q mismatch.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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