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INSPECT THE CHEST (FRONT & BACK)

Respiratory

INSPECT THE CHEST (FRONT & BACK)

1. Scars - surgery.
2. Kyphoscoliosis - can result in restriction in lung capacity.
3. Pectus carinatum (pigeon chest) - rickets, chornic childhood respiratory illness.
4. Pectus excavatum - mostly aesthetic, but can lead to restricted lung capacity.
5. Harrison's sulcus - sulci that appear just above the costal margin where the diaphragm attaches. Due to severe childhood asthma, rickets.
6. Radiotherapy scarring.
7. Prominent veins.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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