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AUTONOMIC DYSREFLEXIA - CAUSES

Neurosurgery

AUTONOMIC DYSREFLEXIA - CAUSES

1. Bladder distension.
2. Bowel distension.
3. UTI, epididimytis.
4. Renal calculus.
5. Reflux.
6. Pressure ulcers.
7. Ingrown toe nails.
8. Positioning.
9. Women - labor + delivery. Coitus.
10. Men - ejaculation. Coitus.
11. Surgery - anaesthetic induction. Intrathecal anaesthesia interrupts this autonomic reflex arc.
12. Pulmonary embolism.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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