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EASY ASIA GRADING

Neurosurgery

EASY ASIA GRADING

1. ASIA A = NO voluntary anal contraction + NO deep anal sensation.
2. ASIA B = NO voluntary anal contraction + PRESENT deep anal sensation + muscles 3 lvls below NLI 0.

{Voluntary anal contraction} OR {sacral sensory sparing + any motor function 3 lvls below motor level}
3. ASIA C = more than 50% of muscles below NLI < 3 strength.
4. ASIA D = more than 50% of muscles below NLI > 3 strength.

5. ASIA E = everything normal!


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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