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DEMENTIA TYPE-FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA

Neurology

DEMENTIA TYPE-FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA

1. The onset is in the 50-60yrs (relatively young, compared to Alzheimer's), and the incidence in males exceeds females.

2. Patients with FTD have more severe atrophy of the frontal and temporal lobes on CT or MRl scan.

FEATURES
3. Characterized by a more rapid and significant change in personality and behavior, often with disinhibition, language deficits, or both.

4. Common behavioral features include apathy, disinhibition, weight gain, food fetishes, compulsions, and emotional distance or loss of empathy.

5. Cognitive testing typically reveals spared memory but impaired planning, judgment, or language. Patients often show an absence of insight into their condition.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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