Home
Radiology Guides Anatomy Physio & Path Medicine Physics Contact
DEMENTIA TYPE-ALZHEIMER DISEASE

Neurology

DEMENTIA TYPE-ALZHEIMER DISEASE

1. Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia after age 60.

2. According to 2011 guidelines, AD is diagnosed when the illness is insidious, progressive, and marked by impairments in 2 or more domains (memory, executive functioning, perception, language, behavior), such that there is significant impairment in ADLs.

FEATURES
3. Initial signs of AD commonly reflect hippocampal dysfunction, with poor immediate recall and short-term memory & impairment of naming.

4. As the disease progresses, impairments emerge in visuospatial (parietal lobe) and executive domains (frontal lobe).

5. Do not diagnose AD if: h x of CVD, features of fronto-temporal or Lewy-body dementia, psychiatric d z , taking a medication that can cause cognitive impairment.


Avatar
REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

+ Home