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DELIRIUM-PRECIPITATING CAUSES

Neurology

DELIRIUM-PRECIPITATING CAUSES

May be the only manifestation of illness, all patients should be thoroughly evaluated:

D - drugs (opioids, anti-depressants, all CV drugs). Drug-withdrawal - alcohol, benzodiazepines.

E - epilepsy, electrolyte imbalance.

L - low oxygen (MI, PE), liver failure.

I - infections (UTI, pneumonia, other causes of sepsis)

R - retention (urinary/faecal)

I - intracranial pathology (stroke, ICH, tumours)

U - uraemia (renal failure)

M - metabolic causes (DKA, HHNK)


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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