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CAUSES OF RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE PALSY

Neurology

CAUSES OF RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE PALSY

Causes dysphonia.
1. Surgical iatrogenic injuries - ACDF, thyroid, thoracic or carotid surgery.
2. Malignant invasion of the vagus or recurrent laryngeal nerve - skull base tumors, thyroid CA, lung CA, esophageal CA, and metastases to the mediastinum (often observed with lung cancer primaries).
3. Primary mediastinal tumor - thymoma.
4. Thoracic aortic aneurysm.
5. Blunt trauma to the neck or chest.
6. Idiopathic - viral or inflammatory process.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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