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CAUSES OF HYPOGLOSSAL PALSY

Neurology

CAUSES OF HYPOGLOSSAL PALSY

1. Bilateral UMN lesions (pseudobulbar palsy) - stroke, MS, severe TBI, MND.
2. Bilaeral LMN lesions - GBS, AC malformation, poliomyelitis.
3. Unilateral central LMN lesions - vertebral artery thrombosis, syringobulbia, MND.
4. Unilateral peripheral LMN lesions - ICA aneurysm at the jugular foramen, chronic meningitis, BOS tumors.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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