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VESTIBULAR NEURONITIS

Neurology

VESTIBULAR NEURONITIS

1. Vestibular neuronitis (acute peripheral vestibulopathy) causes a sudden onset of non-positional vertigo (A/W nausea & vomiting) that is self-limited, may last weeks to months and recur.

2. Caused by an inflammatory process affecting the vestibular portion of the CN VIII associated with viral infections.

3. Pure vestibular neuritis does not affect hearing, else vestibular labyrinthitis.

4. Abrupt onset and lasts for days (differentiates it from Meniere disease).

5. Symptomatic treatment with anti-histamines which may reduce symptoms.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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