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STROKE-NON-INVASIVE BRAIN STIMULATION

Neurology

STROKE-NON-INVASIVE BRAIN STIMULATION

1. Non-invasive brain stimulation includes transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) (Sandrini & Cohen, 2013).

2. Can be used to modulate cortical excitability during and for several minutes after the end of the stimulation period.

3. Cortical excitability can be reduced (inhibition) or enhanced (facilitation) depending upon parameters.

4. May induce plastic changes within neural networks active during functional recovery, but still being studied.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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