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BRAINSTEM REFLEXES IN BRAIN DEATH TESTING

Neurology

BRAINSTEM REFLEXES IN BRAIN DEATH TESTING

Absence of brainstem function on exam, as indicated by following:
1. Loss of spontaneous eye movements
2. Mid-position of the eyes
3. Lack of oculocephalic (doll's eyes) and oculovestibular (caloric) responses
4. Presence of dilated or mid-position fixed pupils (not smaller than 3 mm)
5. Paralysis of bulbar musculature (no facial movement or gag, cough, corneal, or sucking reflexes)
6. Absence of motor and autonomic responses to noxious stimuli
7. Absence of spontaneous respiratory movements


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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