Radiology Guides Anatomy Physio & Path Medicine Physics Contact



1. The term stroke is applied to a sudden focal neurologic syndrome caused by cerebrovascular disease; 3 rd most common cause of death.

2. Strokes can be ischemic or haemorrhagic.

3. The primary vascular disorder may be atherosclerosis, hypertensive arteriosclerotic change (thickening/hardening of arterial walls), arteritis, aneurysmal dilatation, or a developmental malformation.

4. Varicella zoster infection has been identified as a risk factor for ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes and TIA (increases risk by 30%), especially if the presentation is herpes zoster ophthalmicus.


1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

+ Home