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SPASTICITY-MANAGEMENT OPTIONS

Neurology

SPASTICITY-MANAGEMENT OPTIONS

Treatment options represent a continuum of care (conservative → surgical):
1. Noxious stimuli avoidance
2. Heat & cold modalities
3. Stretching/range of motion (ROM)
4. FES
5. Splinting, serial casting, physical modalities (biofeedback, motor re-education, etc)
6. Systemic medications
7. Local interventions (botulinum toxin/phenol/alcohol)
8. Surgical procedures


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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