Home
Radiology Guides Anatomy Physio & Path Medicine Physics Contact
APHASIA-DIFFERENT SPEECH ERRORS

Neurology

APHASIA-DIFFERENT SPEECH ERRORS

1. Paraphasia: Incorrect substitution of words or parts of words. Literal or phonemic paraphasias: similar sounds (e.g., “sound” for “found”). Verbal or semantic paraphasias: word substituted for another from same semantic class (e.g., “fork” for “spoon”).

2. Agrammatism: aphasia in which there is absence of grammatical structure in a sentence.

3. Anomia (anomic or nominal aphasia): difficulty recalling words; word-finding difficulty. Unimpaired comprehension and repetition.

4. Echolalia: repetition (“echoing”) of words or vocalizations made by another person.

5. Circumlocution: roundabout way of describing a word that cannot be recalled. Often seen in conjunction with anomia.

6. Neologism: a “new word” that is well articulated but has meaning only to the speaker.

7. Jargon: well articulated but mostly incomprehensible, unintelligible speech. Associated with Wernicke’s aphasia.

8. Stereotype: repetition of nonsensical syllables (e.g., “no, no, no”) during attempts at communication.


Avatar
REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

+ Home