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1. Aphasia is an impairment of the ability to utilize language due to an injury to the brain.
2. It is characterized by paraphasias, word-finding difficulties, and impaired comprehension.
3. Common disturbances occur in reading and writing, nonverbal constructional and problem-solving difficulty, and impairment of gesturing.
4. Note: language areas are anatomically clustered around the sylvian fissure of the dominant (left) hemisphere in 95% of people.


1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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