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MIGRAINE-PROPHYLAXIS DRUGS

Neurology

MIGRAINE-PROPHYLAXIS DRUGS

1. Beta-blockers: Propranolol and timolol are FDA-approved for migraine, but alsoatenolol, metoprolol.

2. Tricyclic antidepressants: amitriptyline; side effects = oversedation, dry mouth, palpitations, orthostasis, blurry vision, weight gain, constipation, and short-term memory impairment or confusion especially in the elderly, or those with baseline cognitive impairment.

3. Tetracyclic antidepressants, AKA noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressants (NaSSA) (e.g., mirtazapine), and mixed serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) (e.g., venlafaxine, duloxetine).

4. Anticonvulsants (valproate, topiramate).
5. Calcium channel blockers (verapamil, nimodipine) may develop tolerance.
6. ACE inhibitors and ARBs (lisinopril and candesartan).
7. NSAIDs.
8. Botulinum toxin injection (Botox®) was approved by the FDA in 2010 for refractory chronic migraine


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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