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HSV ENCEPHALITIS

Neurology

HSV ENCEPHALITIS

1. In adults, it is usually due to a reactivation of the HSV-1 virus, although 25% are due to primary HSV-1 infection.

2. HSV-2 is sexually transmitted and can cause aseptic meningitis during primary infection.

3. Varicella zoster virus (VZV) can also cause encephalitis in the immunocompromised A/W vesicular lesions that can be confused for herpes simplex.

4. Treat both with IV Acyclovir, the dose required to treat VZV is higher.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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