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DYSPHAGIA-FIBEROPTIC ENDOSCOPIC EVALUATION OF SWALLOWING (FFES)

Neurology

DYSPHAGIA-FIBEROPTIC ENDOSCOPIC EVALUATION OF SWALLOWING (FFES)

1. Used as a comprehensive functional evaluation of the pharyngeal stage of swallowing.

2. Visualizes anatomic structures that might cause potential bolus obstruction and natural bolus flow and containment.

3. Different amounts and consistencies of solids and liquids are swallowed while visualizing the anatomy of swallowing.

4. Evaluates swallowing physiology, coordination, and associated events (e.g., obstruction, absence of natural protective anatomy, depth and duration of bolus passage into the pharynx/larynx).

5. Evaluates the reaction to the presence of residue, penetration, and/or aspiration (e.g., reduction in percent residue, effectiveness of cough, and expectoration of material from the airway).


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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