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DEPRESSION VS DEMENTIA

Neurology

DEPRESSION VS DEMENTIA

1. Major depression (reactive or endogenous) may present with significant cognitive dysfunction - "pseudo-dementia."

2. One differentiating feature is that frontal lobe release signs (e.g., grasp, suck, rooting, & palmomental reflexes) are common in patients with dementia but they are not seen in depression.

3. Immediate recall is commonly poor in depression, due to attentional dysfunction, but good in dementia.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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