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METABOLIC ACIDOSIS-CAUSES

Nephrology

METABOLIC ACIDOSIS-CAUSES

1. Overproduction: lactic acidosis or ketoacidosis

2. HCO 3 - wasting (RTA or diarrhea)

3. Failure to excrete daily acid production (renal failure)

4. Ingestion of agents:
- that are acids (salicylates)
- or are metabolized to acids (methanol, ethylene glycol, paraldehyde)
- or cause lactic/ketoacidosis (salicylates, isoniazid, and iron)


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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