Home
Radiology Guides Anatomy Physio & Path Medicine Physics Contact
MAGNESIUM-HYPOMAGNESEMIA CAUSES

Nephrology

MAGNESIUM-HYPOMAGNESEMIA CAUSES

1. GI disease, especially small bowel-associated malabsorption, chronic diarrhea, acute pancreatitis, and small bowel bypass procedures

2. Kidney losses, especially tubular disease (acute tubular necrosis, Bartter's, Gitelman's)

3. Drugs that affect the tubules (loop and thiazide diuretics, amino­ glycosides, amphotericin B, cisplatin, pentamidine, cyclosporine, tacrolimus)

4. Miscellaneous causes, e.g., PPI (unknown mechanism, but patients can be so severely depleted that levels rise only after the PPI is discontinued), hungry bone syndrome (after parathyroidectomy), alcohol abuse, post-surgical state, and foscamet use (due to chelation)

5. Hypercalcemia


Avatar
REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

+ Home