Home
Radiology Guides Anatomy Physio & Path Medicine Physics Contact
HYPONATREMIA-HYPERVOLUMIC HYPONATREMIA CAUSES

Nephrology

HYPONATREMIA-HYPERVOLUMIC HYPONATREMIA CAUSES

1. Edema-forming states: heart failure, cirrhosis, and nephrotic syndrome

2. Kidney failure: acute or chronic

3. Loop diuretics can be very effective in patients with high-volume hyponatremia


Avatar
REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

+ Home