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GLOMERULAR DISEASE-NEPHROTIC SYNDROME INX

Nephrology

GLOMERULAR DISEASE-NEPHROTIC SYNDROME INX

1. Nephrotic urine reflects defects in the selectivity of glomerular ultrafiltration.

2. This can be due to changes in the charge or size of the selective barrier in the glomerular base­ment membrane (GBM).

3. Typically heavy proteinuria, and urine fat may be visible as oval fat bodies, fatty/waxy casts, and renal tubular cells with lipid droplets.

4. The urine sediment is usually normal except for the fat.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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