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GLOMERULAR DISEASE-INVESTIGATIONS

Nephrology

GLOMERULAR DISEASE-INVESTIGATIONS

1. Achieve definitive diagnosis of all glomerular diseases with a renal biopsy, though typical diabetic nephropathy is almost always diagnosed clinically.

2. Haematuria with proteinuria, dysmorphic red cells, and/or RBC casts is likely to be of glomerular origin.

3. Non-renal hematuria could be caused by malig­nancies in the urinary tract (bladder cancer), kidney stones, or urinary tract infections.

4. Patients with sickle cell trait may also have isolated hematuria.

5. Red cell casts are definitive for GN.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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