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CKD-MANAGEMENT

Nephrology

CKD-MANAGEMENT

1. Progression of CKD is slowed by ACEis or ARBs (target BP = < 130/80) and possibly by reduced protein intake (controversial).

2. ACE Is and ARBs decrease intraglomerular pressure, which decreases progression. They also suppress TNF-alpha, which stimulates fibrosis.

3. Management of comorbidities also decrease progression, so treat metabolic acidosis, hyperlipidemia and stop smoking.

4. Avoid nephrotoxins - especially contrast dye, NSAIDs, and aminoglycosides.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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