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CHRONIC INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS-CAUSES

Nephrology

CHRONIC INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS-CAUSES

1. Drugs: analgesic-abuse, cyclosporine, cisplatin, and Chinese herbs
2. Hypertension
3. Heavy metals (especially lead and cadmium)
4. Obstruction
5. Infections: reflux nephropathy, tuberculosis
6. Sarcoidosis
7. Sjogren disease
8. Sickle cell disease
9. Multiple myeloma


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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