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CENTRAL PONTINE MYELINOLYSIS

Nephrology

CENTRAL PONTINE MYELINOLYSIS

1. Now called osmotic demyelination syndrome.

2. If the sodium concentration is raised too rapidly, the cells can shrink rapidly causing demyelination syndrome.

3. This rare effect is more likely to occur in the patient with chronic, severe hyponatremia (Na + < 115 mEq/L for > 2 days) whose sodium is corrected rapidly (> 10 mEq/L over 24 hours).

4. Symptoms are delayed by about a week, compared to the rise in the sodium concentration, and are usually not reversible.

5. Presentation includes speech and swallowing difficulties, weakness or paralysis, cognitive deficits, seizures and coma.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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