Radiology Guides Anatomy Physio & Path Medicine Physics Contact



1. These drugs decrease cardiac output, sympathetic tone, and renin production.

2. JNC 8 panel does not recommend beta-blockers for the initial treatment of HTN due to increased risk of cardiovascular death, AMI, or stroke compared to use of ARB.

3. Indications for beta-blockers: post-MI, stable heart failure, rate control for AF, angina.

4. Avoid beta-blockers in: reactive airway disease, frequent hypoglycemic episodes, hyperlipidemia, PVD.

5. Other complications include fatigue, erectile dysfunction, depression, and weight gain.


1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

+ Home