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PRE-RENAL AKI-CAUSES

Nephrology

PRE-RENAL AKI-CAUSES

1. Severe intravascular volume loss from volume depletion, blood loss, hypotension, or diuretics

2. Renal artery stenosis or fibromuscular dysplasia causing reduced blood volume to the kidneys

3. Drugs that cause vasoconstriction of the afferent arterioles: NSAIDs (afferent), post-transplant immunosuppression drugs (afferent)

4. Systolic dysfunction ("cardiorenal syndrome")

5. Hepatorenal syndrome

6. Abdominal compartment syndrome


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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