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POST-RENAL AKI-CAUSES

Nephrology

POST-RENAL AKI-CAUSES

1. Prostatic hypertrophy and stones are the usual causes

2. Intratubular obstruction can be caused by uric acid precipitation, oxalate depositions, hypercalcemia with intrarenal deposits (remember Type 1 distal RTA!)

3. Multiple myeloma with light chains, myeloma cast nephropathy

4. Drugs - methotrexate, indinavir, acyclovir, ganciclo­vir, and sulfa antibiotics (which can crystallize in the urine)


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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