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MALARIA

Infectious Diseases

MALARIA

1. Plasmodium is the protozoan that causes malaria.

2. There are 5 disease-causing Plasmodium species: 1) P falciparum 2) P vivax 3) P ovale 4) P malariae 5) P knowlesi.

3. Plasmodium is transmitted via the Anopheles mosquito and infects RBCs.

4. Asplenic patients have more severe infections.

5. Any type of malaria can cause nephritis from immune complex deposition, but P malariae is most commonly associated with nephrotic syndrome.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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