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PANCREATIC CANCER-CAUSES

Gastroenterology

PANCREATIC CANCER-CAUSES

1. Heavy smokers have 2x the baseline risk.
2. DM.
3. Pancreatic cancer in 2 first-degree relatives.
4. Hereditary pancreatitis.
5. Chronic pancreatitis.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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