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PRE-DIABETES

Endocrinology

PRE-DIABETES

1. Prediabetics have a 6-fold risk of developing overt T2DM, microvascular disease & increases CHD risk by 50%

2. Weight loss of 5-1 0% with maintenance can prevent development of overt DM; so does regular exercise (30-60 minutes, moderate intensity, 5 days/week) and a low-sodium/high-fiber diet (low in saturated and trans fats) with moderation of alcohol.

3. AACE recommends monitoring the prediabetic with an annual OGTT & urine for micro-albuminuria.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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