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OSTEOPOROSIS-PREVENTION

Endocrinology

OSTEOPOROSIS-PREVENTION

1. Dietary calcium of 1200-1500 mg/day (include supplements if necessary, but higher amounts are not recommended due to increased risk of kidney stones and cardiovascular disease).

2. RDA for those without osteoporosis (< 70yrs get 600 IU vitamin D/day; > 70yrs: 800 IU vitamin D/day).

3. Regular weight-bearing exercise.

4. Fall prevention.

5. Avoid tobacco.

6. Avoid excess alcohol use (< 2 drinks/day).


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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