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OSTEOMALACIA

Endocrinology

OSTEOMALACIA

1. Osteomalacia is a condition of demineralized bone, which occasionally presents with hypocalcemia. It is most commonly caused by vitamin D deficiency (called rickets when it occurs in youth).

2. In adults, know that bilateral symmetric pseudofractures establish the diagnosis.

3. The usual cause of vitamin D deficiency is inadequate intake of vitamin D and/or malabsorption.

4. Studies link vitamin D deficiency with falls, fractures, increased risk of cancer, and CHD.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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