Home
Radiology Guides Anatomy Physio & Path Medicine Physics Contact
CAUSES OF ABNORMAL APEX BEAT

Cardiology

CAUSES OF ABNORMAL APEX BEAT

Apex beat = 5th intercostal space + 1cm medial to midclavicular line.
1. Thrusting apex - MR, dilated cardiomyopathy.
2. Heaving apex - AS, HTN.
3. Dyskinetic apex - LV dysfunction.
4. Double impulse apex - hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
5. Tapping apex - MS.


Avatar
REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

+ Home