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CARDIAC AREAS

Cardiology

CARDIAC AREAS

1. Apex - left 5th intercostal space, 1cm medial to midclavicular line.
2. Tricuspid area - 5th intercostal space, left sternal edge.
3. Pulmonary area - 2nd intercostal space, left sternal edge.
4. Aortic area - 2nd intercostal space, right sternal edge.


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REFERENCES

1. Wilkinson, I. (2017). Oxford handbook of clinical medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Hannaman, R. A., Bullock, L., Hatchell, C. A., & Yoffe, M. (2016). Internal medicine review core curriculum, 2017-2018. CO Springs, CO: MedStudy.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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