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1.Hip dislocation

  • Anterior, posterior or central.
  • 80% is central.

2. Hip fractures

  • Classification: subcapital, transcervical, basicervical, intertrochanteric, subtrachanteric.

3. Patella fractures/dislocations

  • Patella alta: rupture of the infrapatellar tendon.
  • Patella baja: rupture of the quadriceps tendon.

4. Maissoneuve fracture

  • External rotation injury to the ankle.
  • Results in fracture of lateral proximal fibula fracture + medial malleolus +/- ligamentous injury.

5. Monteggia fracture

  • Fracture of ulnar shaft + radial head dislocation .

6. Galleazzi fracture

  • Fracture of the radial shaft + ulnar dislocation.

7. Medial supracondylar fracture

  • The most common fracture in children between 4-8.
  • Avulsion fracture involving the strong elbow flexors.

8. Colle’s fracture

  • Fracture of the distal radius metaphysel fracture with dorsal displacement & angulation.
  • May be with radiocarpal/radioulnar extension.

9. Smith’s fracture

  • Fracture of the distal radius metaphysel fracture with ventral displacement & angulation.


1. Goodman, L. and Felson, B. (2015). Felson's principles of chest roentgenology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, Saunders.
2. Dähnert W. Radiology Review Manual. LWW. (2011) ISBN:1609139437. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
3. Elizabeth Puddy, Catherine Hill; Interpretation of the chest radiograph, Continuing Education in Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain, Volume 7, Issue 3, 1 June 2007, Pages 71–75, https://doi.org/10.1093/bjaceaccp/mkm014

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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