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DIAPHRAGM-HERNIAE

Anatomy-Thorax

DIAPHRAGM-HERNIAE

CONGENITAL HERNIAE
1. MORGAGNI'S FORAMEN (anterior) - potential space at the junction of the costal + xiphoid origin.

2. BOCHDALEK'S FORAMEN (posterior) - if the lumbar + costal elements fail to fuse at the lumbocostal trigone, they leave a hole. Site for a possible congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Commoner on the left.

ACQUIRED HERNIAE
3. SLIDING HERNIA - where the phreno-oesophageal ligament becomes stretched, allowing ascent of the GJ junction.

4. GLIDING/PARAOESOPHAGEAL TYPE - the phreno-oesophageal ligament becomes stretched into a pouch of peritoneum, cotaining stomach.


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REFERENCES

1. Mcminn. (2003). Last's Anatomy. Elsevier Australia. ISBN:0729537528. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
2. Netter, F. H. (2019). Atlas of human anatomy. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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