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NECK-APICAL & ALAR LIGAMENTS

Anatomy-Spine

NECK-APICAL & ALAR LIGAMENTS

1. Apical ligament - attaches from the apex of the dens to the anterior margin of the foramen magnum. This is a remnant of the notochord.
2. Alar ligaments - attaches to either side of the apical ligament at the apex of the dens to the foramen magnum. These limit the rotation of the head.


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REFERENCES

1. Mcminn. (2003). Last's Anatomy. Elsevier Australia. ISBN:0729537528. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
2. Netter, F. H. (2019). Atlas of human anatomy. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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