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COSTAL ELEMENTS-LUMBAR VERTEBRAE

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COSTAL ELEMENTS-LUMBAR VERTEBRAE

1. The costal elements form the transverse processes.
2. Transverse elements = transverse process + mamillary process + accessory tubercle.
3. Failure of fusion of the costal elements may lead to the formation of asymptomatic lumbar ribs.


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REFERENCES

1. Mcminn. (2003). Last's Anatomy. Elsevier Australia. ISBN:0729537528. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
2. Netter, F. H. (2019). Atlas of human anatomy. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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