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POPLITEAL ARTERY-BRANCHES

Anatomy-Lower Limb

POPLITEAL ARTERY-BRANCHES

1. Muscular branches - to all muscles in the fossa.
2. Branches to the head of the gastrocs (sural arteries) - end arteries.
3. Medial + lateral superior genicular arteries - encircle the femur. Chief contributor to the knee.
4. Medial + lateral inferior genicular arteries - encircle the tibia. Chief contributor to the knee.
5. Middle genicular artery - enters the knee joint to supply the cruciate ligaments.


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REFERENCES

1. Mcminn. (2003). Last's Anatomy. Elsevier Australia. ISBN:0729537528. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
2. Netter, F. H. (2019). Atlas of human anatomy. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
3. Image: Gray, Henry. Anatomy of the Human Body. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1918; Bartleby.com, 2000. www.bartleby.com/107/ [Accessed 7 Apr. 2019].

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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