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1. Cartilage is dense connective tissue with fibers and cells embedded in firm ground substance.

2. Hyaline cartilage - common, covers articular surfaces of typical synovial joints & forms the epiphyseal growth plates of growing bones.

3. Fibrocartilage resembles ligament and tendon but contains only small islands of cells and ground substance between bundles of collagen. Found in intervertebral discs, labrum, menisci.

4. Elastic cartilage has ground substance which contains large amount of elastic fibers. Forms the pinna, auditory tube and epiglottis.

5. Cartilage is avascular and repairs by fibrosis and not new cartilage. Fibrocartilage is the only cartilage to have normal blood supply.


1. Mcminn. (2003). Last's Anatomy. Elsevier Australia. ISBN:0729537528. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
2. Netter, F. H. (2019). Atlas of human anatomy. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
3. Image: no reference available.

Ⓒ A. Manickam 2018

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